USEFUL SOURCES FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY


Merck Index  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF RS 356 .M524 (This edition also ABLAH LIBRARY REF, and older editions in

ABLAH LIBRARY)

This is a one-volume encyclopedia to chemicals, drugs and biologicals.  It gives concise descriptions of over 10,000 substances, including information on organic name reactions, physical properties, uses, preparation and a short bibliography. It’s also a good place to find registry numbers and trade names.

 

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY and ABLAH LIBRARY REF QD 65 .H3, older in ABLAH LIBRARY

Most useful is the multi-page table on Physical Constants of Organic Compounds, but there are also many other useful tables. Various editions differ some- what in their content. An older edition might have the compound or table you need.  The newest have the CAS Registry number for each compound in the Physical Constants table.

 

Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry   CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD 65 .L36 (next latest edition in ABLAH LIBRARY REF QD 65 .H3)

Similar to the CRC but restricted to Chemistry.  Some specialty tables including solubility products, estimates of vapor pressures at various temperatures, formation constants of metal complexes, bond lengths and strengths, etc.

 

Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry   ABLAH LIBRARY QD 251 .B4 (older) and QD 251 .B42 (more recent)

Earlier editions entitled Handbuch der Organischen Chemie.  The earlier years are in German, but the most recent are in English.  This source lists all known organic compounds found in the literature during the time covered, with all available information, plus references.  We have a teaching collection so that students can learn to use this major resource, but are not currently receiving the series.  Librarian-mediated Beilstein searches are available but since this option is expensive, it is suggested that you try to do your search manually before contacting the Chemistry Librarian for details.  Beilstein has put a database of journal citations and abstracts from 1980 to the present on the Internet.  Beilstein Abstracts is available through the Chemistry homepage at http://www.twsu.edu/library/science/chem.html.)

 

Dictionary of Organic Compounds. CD-ROM available in Chemistry Library.

Consisting of more than 220,000 entries, gives names, structural formulas, physical properties, and derivatives, plus references.  Provides multiple ways to search for a compound including STRUCTURE SEARCHING.  Paper editions are available (formerly Heilbron’s and also known as D.O.C.) at CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD 25 .D49.  Earlier editions in ABLAH LIBRARY.

ChemFinder WebServer
This WWW site, available at http://www.chemfinder.com, is a source of chemical information.  The Simple Query form of the ChemFinder WebServer is designed to make it as easy to locate common types of chemical information.  You may enter a chemical name, formula, molecular weight, or CAS Registry Number and the ChemFinder WebServer will identify the type of search you want, and provide the hits accordingly.  You can do a structure search if you download the free structure drawing plug-in. 

AutoNom

AutoNom (Automatic Nomenclature), available on a PC at the Chemistry Library, is a program for the generation of IUPAC systematic nomenclature directly from the structure diagrams of organic compounds.  You draw a structure, and the program will give it a systematic name.  Tests in the Beilstein Institute and use during the production of the Handbook show that AutoNom generates correct names for over 86% of all structures reported in the original literature.  For the remaining cases no name is produced; AutoNom only produces a name if it is reasonably certain that it will be acceptable. 

 

Landolt Bornstein   ABLAH LIBRARY QC 61 .L332

Zahlenwerte und Functionenen aus Physik, Chemie, Astronomie, Geophysik und Technik, or in English now called:  Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology has some information,  such as indexes of refraction, heats of combustion, and spectral data which are of use to organic chemists.  We do not currently receive this so the most recent material is late 1980's.  The specialized tables will still be of use.

 

Sadtler Spectra

  • Proton NMR. ABLAH LIBRARY QC 453 .S3

  • Infrared. ABLAH LIBRARY QC 453 .S73

  • Infrared Prism. ABLAH LIBRARY QC 453 .S45

  • Infrared Grating. ABLAH LIBRARY QC 453 .S34

  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. ABLAH LIBRARY QC 453 .S24X

  • Sadtler Handbook of Infrared Spectra. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QC 453 .S73

  • Sadtler Handbook of Proton NMR Spectra. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QC 762 .S

  • Sadtler Handbook of Ultraviolet Spectra. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QC 459 .S25

Aldrich Library of Spectra

  • 13C and 1H FT NMR. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF folio QC 462.85 .A44

  • FT-IR. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF folio QD 96 .I5 P66

  • Infrared. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF folio QC 457 .A43

  • NMR. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF folio QD 96 .N8 P68

NIST WebBook

Point your Web browser to http://webbook.nist.gov/ to access the NIST WebBook.  Contains thermochemical information and IR spectra for over 7500 compounds, mass spectra for over 10,000 compounds, UV/Vis spectra for over 400 compounds, and electronic and vibrational spectra for over 3000 compounds.

 

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry. Lindon, Tranter and Holmes. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QC450.3 .E53

 

Spectrometric identification of organic compounds. Silverstein, Bassler, and Morrill. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 272 .S6 S55 1991.  If you are having trouble with spectra, this title might be of help.

 

Handbook of Organic Chemistry. Dean. ABLAH LIBRARY REF QD 251.2 .D43

This book has a long table of physical constants, as well as tables on thermodynamic properties, spectral peaks, bond distances, etc.

 

Handbook of Organic Compounds: NIR, IR, Raman, and UV-Vis Spectra Featuring Polymers and Surfactants.  Workman. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QC 462.85 .H36

    

Handbook of Naturally Occurring Compounds. Devon and Scott. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 415.7 .D48

Lists most naturally occurring compounds and gives structures and properties plus references.

 

Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds. Driesbach.  ABLAH LIBRARY QD 1 .A355 no.  15, 22, 29

 

Organometallic Compounds. Dub.ABLAH LIBRARY QD 411 .D82

Physical properties for organometallic compounds.

 

Handbook of Organometallic Compounds. Kaufman. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 411 .K33

 

Handbook of Organic Chemistry. Beyer.  ABLAH LIBRARY QD 251.2 .B4913 1996

 

Hawley’s Condensed Chemical Dictionary 14th ed.  Lewis. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD 5.C5 2002

 

Names, Synonyms, & Structures of Organic Compounds. Lide and Milne. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD 291.N36 1995.

 

Chemical Abstracts. 1996 in paper copy at CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD 1 A51, volumes from 1907 to 1995 available at ABLAH LIBRARY QD 1 .A51.

The premier paper reference source for chemistry.  Abstracts chemical literature (over 17,000 journals) worldwide.  Paper issue published weekly with keyword index included.  6-month indexes by author, chemical formula, general subject and chemical substance.  The library has decennial, then collective indexes through the 10th Collective Index (1977-1981).  Thereafter indexes are only the semi-annual indexes.  Librarian-mediated Chemical Abstracts searches are available but SciFinder Scholar searches the same databases.  Contact the Life & Health Sciences Librarian for details.

 

CASSI (Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index).  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF & ABLAH LIBRARY (previous editions)  REF Z 5523 .A521

Allows you to translate Chemical Abstracts journal abbreviations into full titles.  Also a source for checking to see if a publication is indexed by CAS.

 

SciFinder Scholar

CHEMISTRY LIBRARY PCs, PCs in SPUB 1-3 in ABLAH LIBRARY also in CHEMISTRY DEPT. UNDERGRADUATE COMPUTER LAB.

Will allow you to search the Registry file (chemical structure and dictionary database,) and all of Chemical Abstracts from 1907 plus citations to some literature from even earlier years.  Reaction Searches may be done.  By default SciFinder Scholar also searches Medline when the “Get References” option is chosen.  Internet-accessible on campus from computers where the client has been downloaded and for computers off campus where ShocknetII is the Internet Service Provider.  Online helps are useful to consult and tutorials are also available as well as paper handbooks.

 

FINDING NAME REACTIONS

Many important reactions in organic chemistry are named after the people who discovered or developed them.  There are a number of books and series that describe these name reactions.  You can perform a keyword search in the library catalog under the name of a reaction to see if there is a book about a specific reaction.  Also try the subject index in Chemical Abstracts.

 

Name Reactions and Reagents in Organic Synthesis.  Mundy.  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD291.M86 1988.

Gives a general description, mechanisms, bibliography and examples.

 

Advanced Organic Chemistry. March.  4th edition in CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF OLDER: ABLAH LIBRARY QD 251.2 .M37

Part one has general information on mechanisms, part two discusses different types of reactions.

 

Name Index of Organic Reactions. Gowan & Wheeler. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 291 .W5 1960

 

Organic Reactions.  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD 251 .O7

This series started in 1942 and is still going strong.  It is a collection of chapters, each devoted to a critical discussion of a single reaction, or phase of a reaction.  `Details on how to perform the reaction and some of the possible problems are given.  The reactions have been tested by at least one person, but not rigorously checked.  There is a short bibliography.  To find a reaction, look in the cumulative subject index in the back of the most recent volume.

 

FINDING REACTION TYPES

You can also search for reactions by the type of reaction.  There are a number of books and series that describe these reaction types.  For specialized books, try a keyword search in the library catalog for the reaction type.

 

Modern Synthetic Reactions. House. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 262 .H67

A detailed survey of important synthetic methods, giving reaction mechanism, stereochemistry, reactions conditions, examples and further references.

 

Comprehensive Organic Transformations. Larock. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD262 .L355 1999

This book is divided into functional groups, which are then subdivided by major reaction types, such as reduction, oxidation, alkylation, etc.  Older edition at ABLAH LIBRARY QD 262 .L355

 

Advanced Organic Chemistry. March. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD 251.2 .M37 4th edition, Older edition in ABLAH LIBRARY

Part two is organized by reaction type.

 

Comprehensive Organic Synthesis. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD262.C535

 

Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry II.   CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD400.C65 1996

 

Fieser and Fieser’s Reagents for Organic Synthesis.   CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD 262 .F5

This is often thought of as only a source for reagents, however, there is also an index of reagents arranged by reaction type. Gives bibliography.

 

Organic Reactions.   CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD 251 .O7

This is a primary source for name reactions, but the index also lists reactions by type.

 

Organic Syntheses. Collective Volumes in CHEMISTRY LIBRARY RESERVE

Available online at http://www.orgsyn.org/.  Paper copies at WSU: Collective volumes 1-10 (2004) in

CHEMISTRY LIBRARY RESERVE, volumes 1-80 at CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD262.O7, 10-47 at ABLAH LIBRARY QD262.O7.

This series started in 1921 and continues to the present.  It comes out in annual volumes with occasional cumulations.  The easiest way to look things up is to start with the green collective or cumulative volumes that are indexed in several ways including a Reaction Guide volume.  Use the red yearly volumes shelved with the series titles only for the years not covered by the collective volumes.  To find a reaction type: Start with the most recent volume and work backwards, looking at the type of reaction index.  Use the green collective or cumulative volumes whenever possible.

 

FINDING FUNCTIONAL GROUPS

Chemists often want to find things by functional group.  There are a number of books and series that can help do this.  In addition to the list below, you may want to try a keyword search in the library catalog under the functional group in which you are interested.

 

Comprehensive Organic Transformations. Larock. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD262 .L355 1999

This book is arranged by functional group.  It then describes types of reactions, synthesis, etc.

 

Synthetic Organic Chemistry. Wagner and Zook ABLAH LIBRARY QD 262 .W24

Although old, this is a good basic place to start.  It has 39 chapters, each covering a different functional group with various synthetic methods.  It has a very good subject index.

 

Advanced Organic Chemistry. March. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD 251.2 .M37 4th edition.  Older edition in ABLAH LIBRARY

Look up functional groups in the index to find information on reactions and experimental conditions.

 

Modern Synthetic Reactions. House. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 262.  H67

Look up functional groups in the index to find information on reactions and experimental conditions.

 

Organic Functional Group Preparations. Sandler and Karo. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 262 .S23

This book set describes typical procedures for synthesis of a number of functional groups.

 

Comprehensive Organic Functional Group Transformations.  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD262.C534

Comprehensive Organic Functional Group Transformations II  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD262.C534

 

Patai’s 1992 Guide to the Chemistry of Functional Groups.   ABLAH LIBRARY QD 251.2 .P34

 

Comprehensive Organic Chemistry.  ABLAH LIBRARY QD 245 .C65

Sort of an encyclopedia of organic chemistry.  The volumes describe properties & reactions of important classes of organic

compounds including extensive bibliographies.  The last volume has formula and subject indexes.

 

Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods.   CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD 262 .C53

This lists functional group transformations.  The Index is found at the front of each volume.

 

Organic Syntheses. Collective Volumes are in  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY RESERVE

Available online at http://www.orgsyn.org/.  Paper copies at WSU: Collective volumes 1-10 (2004) inCHEMISTRY LIBRARY RESERVE, volumes 1-80 at CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD262.O7, 10-47 at ABLAH LIBRARY QD262.O7.

This series started in 1921 and continues to the present.  It comes out in annual volumes with occasional cumulations. The easiest way to look things up is to start with the green collective volumes.  Use the red yearly volumes only for the years not covered by the collective volumes.  You cannot always find the specific group you’re searching for here, because of the arrangement.  However, if the one you want is here, this is a good place to look.  The best way to look is the type of compound index.  The newest version of the index is limited to IUPAC names.  The older version uses common names.

 

Organic Reactions.  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD 251 .07

Although this is divided by reaction type, you can find a number of functional groups by looking in the index under the group name.

 

FINDING REAGENTS

There are a number of other works that also discuss reagents.  Use a keyword search in the library catalog to find them.

 

Fieser and Fieser’s Reagents for Organic Synthesis. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY QD 262 .F5.

This source is arranged alphabetically by reagent name.  Entries give general information about the reagent, its synthesis, reaction scheme, and a brief bibliography.  The index allows you to search by type of reaction as well.  There is also a chemical substance index.

 

Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD 77 .E53

 

Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis.  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF  QD 77 .H37 1999

 

Name Reactions and Reagents in Organic Chemistry. Mundy. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF QD 291.M86

Gives a general description, mechanisms, bibliography and examples.

 

Synthetic Reagents. Pizey. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 262.  P58

 

Aldrich Catalog/Handbook of Fine Chemicals.  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF

Contains data about chemicals for sale, as well as bibliographies.  Reagents are arranged alphabetically with many cross-references, e.g.  to Merck’s and to the Aldrich Spectra volumes.  There is a molecular formula index.  This source is handy for finding CAS Registry Numbers and IUPAC names.

 

ChemSources-USA 1997. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY RESERVE TP 12 .C443

Gives suppliers for chemicals

 

FINDING SOLVENTS

There are a number of books that discuss solvents used inorganic synthesis.  Some of the more useful are:

 

Purification of Laboratory Chemicals. Armarego and Chai. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF TP 156 .P83  P47 and ABLAH LIBRARY (former author Perrin).

Gives all sorts of good information on organic chemicals.  It is arranged alphabetically by substance name and class of compound.  You can also search by common name and there is good cross-referencing of names.

 

Organic Solvents. Riddick. ABLAH LIBRARY QD 61 .T4

A reference source for physical properties of solvents and purification methods.

 

Aldrich Catalog/Handbook of Fine Chemicals. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY REF

Gives information on solvents for sale in catalog.

 

INFORMATION RETRIEVAL AND STYLE GUIDES

 

The ACS Style Guide 2nd. ed. Dodd.  CHEMISTRY LIBRARY RESERVE  QD 8.5 .A25  1997

Handy for abbreviations, has a discussion of CAS Registry Numbers, and much more.

 

Library Handbook for Organic Chemists. Poss. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY RESERVE  QD 256. P67 2000

Expanded description of many of the sources listed above.

 

Information Retrieval:  SciFinder® and SciFinder® Scholar. Ridley. CHEMISTRY LIBRARY RESERVE Z 699.5.S3 R53 2002

Along with using the help available during each step of a SciFinder search this source has much valuable information on how SciFinder Scholar works.

 

Updated: November 10, 2009   Contact a Reference Librarian