Subject Librarian: Liorah Golomb, Assistant Professor, Reference and Humanities Librarian
Phone: 978-5077
Policy Created:  December 30, 2003   Policy updated:
November 8, 2004


Purpose    Scope   Summary     Subjects Excluded   Related Collections   Related Policies
Related Evaluations    Other Factors   Appendix A   Appendix B

A.     Purpose of Collection


  1. Program Information
  2. Spanish is one of the languages taught within the Modern Languages and Literatures department here at WSU.  The majority of the department’s faculty is tied into this discipline, teaching several undergraduate and graduate classes.  This subject area generates major grants bachelor’s and master’s degrees.  The undergraduate courses include Elementary Spanish, Intermediate Spanish, Selected Spanish Readings, Spanish Conversation, Intermediate Spanish Readings and Cooperative Education: Spanish.  The graduate offerings include Spanish Phonetics, Major Topics in Spanish, Spanish Conversation III, Advanced Spanish Grammar and Composition, Survey of Spanish Literature, Contemporary Spanish Theater, Contemporary Spanish Novel, Business Spanish, Survey of Latin American Literature, Contemporary Latin American Novel, Spanish Civilization, Latin American Civilization, Contemporary Latin American Theater, Latin American Short Story, Introduction to Romance Linguistics, Mexico:  It’s People and Culture and South America:  It’s People and Culture.

    The main areas of focus are medieval, early modern and modern Spanish literature (Iberia) in addition to the literatures of Central and South America.  These areas will be further developed by the addition of two new Iberianists.  Michael McGlynn does medieval studies.  Kerry Wilks studies El Siglo del Oro (“Golden Age” being the sixteenth-eighteenth centuries).

    The students taking Spanish are undergraduates and graduates from a variety of disciplines across the WSU campus including history, the humanities, business, education, physical sciences, health sciences and social sciences.


  1. Collection Description
The Spanish collection consists of paper books, some journals, database access and e-book access.   Due to our collaboration with Drs. Pedro Bravo-Elizondo and Eunice Myers, the Libraries’ book holdings are strong, especially for those works published in the last thirty years.  When checked against A New History of Spanish Literature (1961 edition), that part of the collection is not that strong although we do have 30-35 percent of the holdings.  However, another analysis focusing on a comparison of our holdings with A Companion to Spanish-American Literature shows that our holdings have improved over time. This test revealed that the Libraries have 75% of that bibliography’s titles. Unlike most of its MCLL counterparts, these holdings are strong both in Spanish and English. [i]

We tend not to collect dissertations, essay collections or conference proceedings for this area, as it is an undergraduate program.  However, these items are available upon request.

Our journal holdings in this regard are not as strong as they could be.  Interdisciplinary journals as well as those literary journals in English provide the bulk of our coverage.  We do have a few core Spanish language journals, which we are still receiving and several historical runs up in the general stacks.  However recent budget cuts have taken their toll on those items.  Running our historical and present-day collections up against the MLA Bibliography reveals that our original language collections are weak in this regard.  As such, researchers rely heavily on Interlibrary Loan/Document Delivery for most of their materials.  These journals need to be protected whenever possible in future serials reviews.

Database access remains limited to mostly English language works.  The only access we have for Spanish language works comes through the MLA Bibliography.  That database, however, provides citations and abstracts only.  While there are links to full text, they are from other databases and then, only those that we subscribe to.  Full text access to articles in English comes from JSTOR (retrospective coverage) and Project Muse (mostly the last fifteen years’ of publication runs).  Humanities Index and InfoTrac Web’s Expanded Academic, Business and Company and Health and Wellness Resource Centers provide some additional coverage for English works.  Yet in the latter’s case, only 1 out of every 4 academic works is available in full text. For education, one might refer to ERIC.  For the health sciences, one can look to CINAHL and MEDLINE.  For business, ABI-Inform and Lexis-Nexis Academic remain the two chief sources.  In general social sciences, one could look at Sociological Abstracts, WilsonWeb Social Sciences Abstracts, Social Work Abstracts and Social Work Abstracts.

E-Book coverage remains in flux as well.  Netlibrary does not have a great deal of Spanish literature, historical or cultural works in its holdings.  With the possible addition of the ACLS Humanities E-Book and other packages may offer possibilities in this regard.  For allied fields, one might refer to the e-book holdings in those areas.

  1.   Anticipated Trends

As with other areas within the Humanities, two items will drive our collecting efforts for Spanish:  access and budgets.  In addition, what occurs in the allied fields noted above will affect Spanish as well.  


The balance between print and electronic media may help to bridge several gaps in the future.  Certainly, in terms of electronic journals, we could stand to benefit if publishers provide affordable foreign language journal packages here in the United States.  In such a case, Spanish journals would rank as a first priority in this regard.  The same can be said for Spanish monographs and source materials.  Fortunately, the interdisciplinary coverage in JSTOR and Project Muse does assist in bridging this gap.  Once again, however, this balance can change depending upon budgets and which databases we can acquire/hang on to in the future.  While the Libraries probably will not increase its holdings in foreign language journals or databases in a large way, our access to materials in English could benefit from adding JSTOR’s Arts & Humanities II and III packages to our repertoire.  Cost could determine whether we keep Project Muse beyond 2005 so we need to plan accordingly.  A switch to EBSCOHost Expanded Academic could increase access as well.  In terms of e-book coverage, an increase in Netlibrary, ACLS History E-Book Collection and/or other collections in this regard can only help narrow this gap while providing quality materials to our patrons.


With Spanish, due to the collaboration between Drs. Bravo-Elizondo and Myers with the liaison librarians, we have strong collections in this field.  Given the budgetary situation and priorities both for the MCLL department and the Libraries as a whole, this activity will still need to be monitored carefully, balancing faculty research with student needs.  This observation is due to the hiring of new faculty members in this discipline.  Also, since Spanish literature does touch on other subject areas across campus, we need to keep collecting minimal works (in the original and in translation for patron use as well.  Finally, as other areas do touch on Spanish as a second language in a tangential sense to varying degrees, they need to be considered on a case by case basis.  These issues are concerns for the Spanish CD area.  


 B.     Scope of Coverage  

  1. Chronological Focus

For Spanish literature, the primary chronological areas are medieval, Renaissance, Early Modern and Modern Spanish Literature.   


Other areas can be collected depending upon available budgetary resources; the importance of the analyzed work(s) within the scope of Spanish literary history in general and the quality of the scholarship in that work.  In any event, that activity would never exceed D Levels as explained in Appendix B.

  1. Geographic Focus

The primary geographic foci are Spain, Central America, South America, Cuba and the Caribbean.

  1. Formats and Materials Collected
  2. For Spanish literature, the collecting efforts include printed works both in English and Spanish.  The following formats are collected:  books, journals and serials.  As noted above, when the appropriate opportunity arises to investigate electronic access for Spanish language journals and electronic works, we will do so.

  3. Formats and Materials Not Collected


    Although the focus will primarily be on those formats and materials noted in Section 3 above, other formats will be considered according to the relevance to the overall major and department (MCLL), courses of study, areas of faculty research/teaching, and overall continuity of the collection.  As I said in Section 3, such endeavors will be subject to availability, overall collecting priorities and budgetary constraints.


  4. Publication/Imprint Dates


    Most purchases will be recently published works although out of print works will also be considered.  Retrospective projects conducted between faculty members and the subject librarians will be considered as well depending upon available budget, collection priorities, the time involved and the project scope.


  5. Place of Publication


    All academic publishers’ works are considered.  However, some publishers’ works will tend to be purchased more than others.  For Spanish, Puvil and Peter Lang are top publishers.  Distributors include Puvil, Schoenhoff’s and BNA.  In all cases, the work’s overall quality not just the publisher or its reputation will determine a purchase.


  6. Languages Collected


    Works in this field are collected in both English and Spanish.  All secondary works (unless requested by the faculty members) are collected in English.  Primary sources can be collected in other languages.  However again, foreign language sources will be collected in translation whenever possible.  If a faculty member requests that a source be acquired in the original language, every effort will be made to get the work as permitted by availability and available funds.


 C.     Summary of Subjects Collected and Collecting Levels


These areas are collected here at the WSU Libraries:


Subject LC Class   Current Collection Level
Spanish Literature to 1700 PQ   C1
Spanish Literature 1700-1868 PQ   C1
Spanish Literature 1868-1960 PQ   D
Spanish Literature 1961- PQ   C1
Spanish Literature in the US PQ   C2
Spanish Literature-Mexico PQ   C2
Spanish Literature-Mexico to 1810 PQ   C2
Spanish Literature-Mexico 19th/20th PQ   C1
Sp. Lit-West Indies & C. America PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Cuba PQ   C1
Sp. Literature-Puerto Rico PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Central America PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-South America (general) PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Argentina (all areas) PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Bolivia PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Chile (all areas) PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Columbia PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Ecuador PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Guyana PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Uruguay PQ   C2
Subject LC Class   Current Collection Level
Sp. Literature-Peru (all areas) PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Venezuela PQ   C2
Sp. Literature-Africa PQ   D
Sp. Literature-Asia and Australia PQ   D


D.     Subjects Excluded

There are no excluded subjects.  Although some may only be collected at a minimal (re: level as spelled out in Appendix B.

E.     Related Collections and Cooperative Efforts

 Any Spanish literature collecting effort should interact with those from the other MCLL subject areas for budgetary reasons.  In addition, comparative literature affects Spanish and can be considered as well.  Other subjects affected are: history, English literature, education, business, social sciences, health sciences, philosophy, religion and other humanities areas.

F.      Related Collection Development Policies


Any Spanish literature CD Policy should interact with those from the other MCLL subject areas for budgetary reasons.   In addition, comparative literature affects Spanish and can be considered as well.  Other subjects affected are: history, English literature, education, business, social sciences, health sciences, philosophy, religion and other humanities areas.


G.     Related Collection Evaluations


See E and F above.


H.    Other Factors


Access to Spanish literature sources (largely in English language interdisciplinary sources) is available through Project Muse and JSTOR.  Bibliographic citations can be found in the MLA Bibliography and Humanities Index (WilsonWeb).  In the allied fields, one should search in the respective main databases and search engines accordingly.


Appendix A—Specific Subjects Collected (with Collecting Levels)

LC Line Divisions, Categories and Subjects Collection & Language Codes
Class Number CL AC GL PC
  LLL109 Spanish Literature - Before 1500    
PQ6271-6498 LLL110 Spanish Literature to 1700 C1   C1  
PQ6500-6576 LLL111 Spanish Literature 1700-ca.1868 C1   C1  
PQ6600-6647 LLL112 Spanish Literature 1868-1960 D   D  
PQ6651-6676 LLL113 Spanish Literature, 1961- CQ   CQ  
PQ6155-6168 LLL114 Spanish Literature - Folklore & Folk Literature C2   C2  
PQ7000-7061 LLL115 Spanish Literature - Provincial in Europe D   D  
  LLL116 Spanish Literature - Popular Literature C2   C2  
PQ7071-7079 LLL117 Spanish Literature in U. S & Canada C2   C2  
PQ7080-7099 LLL118 Spanish Literature in Spanish America (General) C2   C2  
PQ7100-7295 LLL119 Spanish Literature of Mexico, former Provinces, Ge C2   C2  
PQ7296 LLL120 Spanish Literature - Mexico -to 1810/25 C2   C2  
PQ7297 LLL121 Spanish Literature - Mexico - 19th, 20th Centuries C2   C2  
PQ7310-7349 LLL121.5 Spanish Literature - Former Provinces Now in U. S. C2   C2  
PQ7361 LLL122 Spanish Literature of West Indies & C. America, Ge C2   C2  
PQ7370-7390 LLL123 Spanish Literature - Cuba C1   C2  
PQ7420-7440 LLL124 Spanish Literature - Puerto Rico C2   C2  
PQ7471-7539 LLL125 Spanish Literature - Central America C2   C2  
PQ7551-7557 LLL126 Spanish Literature of South America, General C2   C2  
PQ7600-7795 LLL127 Spanish Literature - Argentina, General C2   C2  
PQ7796 LLL128 Spanish Literature - Argentina - to 1810/25 C2   C2  
PQ7797 LLL129 Spanish Literature - Argentina - 19th, 20th Cent. C2   C2  
PQ7800-7820 LLL130 Spanish Literature - Bolivia  C2   C2  
PQ7900-8095 LLL131 Spanish Literature  - Chile, General C2   C2  
PQ8096 LLL132 Spanish Literature - Chile - to 1800 C2   C2  
PQ8097 LLL133 Spanish Literature - Chile - 19th, 20th Centuries C2   C2  
PQ8160-8180 LLL134 Spanish Literature - Colombia C2   C2  
PQ8200-8220 LLL135 Spanish Literature - Ecuador C2   C2  
PQ8230-8239 LLL136 Spanish Literature - Guyana C2   C2  
PQ8250-8259 LLL137 Spanish Literature - Paraguay C2   C2  
PQ8300-8495 LLL138 Spanish Literature - Peru, General C2   C2  
PQ8496 LLL139 Spanish Literature - Peru - to 1810/25 C2   C2  
PQ8497 LLL140 Spanish Literature - Peru - 19th, 20th Centuries C2   C2  
PQ8510-8519 LLL141 Spanish Literature - Uruguay C2   C2  
PQ8530-8549 LLL142 Sapnish Literature - Venezuela C2   C2  
PQ8600-8919 LLL143 Spanish Literature of Africa D   D  
PQ8650-8829 LLL144 Spanish Literature - Asia & Australia D   D  


Appendix B—Explanation of Collecting Levels and Codes



[1]  Please see the “Spanish Language and Literature Collection Analysis” for more information.


Written by: David Duncan